Difference between revisions of "Lighting"

From LuxCoreRender Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 11: Line 11:
 
===Environment Lighting===
 
===Environment Lighting===
 
[[file:Lighting_environment_light.jpg|left|thumb|250px|Mirror material lit by a hemi lamp]]  
 
[[file:Lighting_environment_light.jpg|left|thumb|250px|Mirror material lit by a hemi lamp]]  
Environment lighting encloses the scene entirely, lighting it from all angles. It is normally used for environment mapping, although it can also be used to add a solid color environment. LuxCoreRender supports this with the hemi lamp and it accepts both latlong and angular (light probe) environment maps<!-- check this -->.
+
Environment lighting encloses the scene entirely, lighting it from all angles. It is normally used for environment mapping, although it can also be used to add a solid color environment. The hemi lamp is used for this type of lighting and it accepts latlong environment maps.
  
Environment lighting is usually done with HDR(high dynamic range) images but it is possible to use low dynamic range images (like JPG or PNG) as well, but in this case you may want to add some additional lighting to your scene to avoid getting a poorly contrast render. This is not necessary with HDR environment maps, which can be used as the only source of light to create a realistic lighting.
+
Environment lighting is usually done with HDR(high dynamic range) images but it is possible to use low dynamic range images (like JPG or PNG) as well, but in this case you may want to add some additional lighting to your scene to avoid getting a poorly contrast render. This is not necessary with HDR environment maps, which can be used as the only source of light to create a realistic lighting. Note that the hemi lamp's location in the scene does not matter, only its rotation.
  
 
<!--When using environment maps, using a gamma value of 1.0 (instead of the usual 2.2) is recommended. The exception to this is if you want the environment to look exactly like the map itself did in your image editor. This is probably not the case if you are using an actual HDR map.
 
<!--When using environment maps, using a gamma value of 1.0 (instead of the usual 2.2) is recommended. The exception to this is if you want the environment to look exactly like the map itself did in your image editor. This is probably not the case if you are using an actual HDR map.
Line 28: Line 28:
 
The sun and sky light creates a lighting setup that simulates the light of the sun and atmosphere, based on the direction of a sun light in the scene and a parameter named ''turbidity'' which defines the clearness of the sky. Both the sun angle and the sky clearness influence the color of the light.
 
The sun and sky light creates a lighting setup that simulates the light of the sun and atmosphere, based on the direction of a sun light in the scene and a parameter named ''turbidity'' which defines the clearness of the sky. Both the sun angle and the sky clearness influence the color of the light.
  
[[Image:Sunsky.png|frame|left|various sun angles result in different sky and light colors ]]
+
Note that the sun lamp is very bright (as it is in real life) so you may have to turn the Gain way down if you have other lights in the scene. The other lights may look like they are not even emitting, but they are actually overpowered by the sun. It is possible to use this light with sun only, sky only, or the default sun+sky. If you want softer shadows try adjusting the relative sun size parameter.<br/>
<br clear="all" />
+
Note that the sun lamp's location in the scene does not matter, only its rotation.
  
[[Image:Turbiditysettings.jpg|frame|left|turbidity settings of 2, 4, 8 and 16, influencing both sky clarity and color]]<br clear="all" />
+
<gallery mode="nolines" widths=250 heights=250>
Note that the sun lamp is very bright(as it is in real life) so you may have to turn the Gain way down if combined with other lights. The other lights may look like they are not even emitting, but they are actually overpowered by the sun. It is possible to use this light with sun only, sky only, or the default sun+sky. <br/>
+
Lighting_sun_angle_1.jpg|Sun lamp angle 1
If you want softer shadows try adjusting the relative sun size parameter.<br clear="all" />
+
Lighting_sun_angle_2.jpg|Sun lamp angle 2
 +
Lighting_sun_angle_2_+_higher_turbidity.jpg|Sun lamp angle 2 and higher turbidity
  
 +
</gallery>
  
 
===Point Lights===
 
===Point Lights===

Revision as of 07:57, 25 December 2017

Area Lights and Mesh Lights

The most common way of lighting in LuxCoreRender is by using area lights. With this light you are able to simulate a wide range of lighting. It supports common settings such as power and color but also spread angle, opacity and laser.

Another common way is by using mesh lights. This type of light supports the same features as area lights, except laser, but also features textured lighting. As mesh lights are objects, you can assign an entire object to emit light, such as the tungsten filament in a light bulb or halogen bulb. In general, it's advised to use mesh lights with as few faces as possible to keep render times down.

Objects only emit light in the direction that the normals of the object's faces are pointing.


Environment Lighting

Mirror material lit by a hemi lamp

Environment lighting encloses the scene entirely, lighting it from all angles. It is normally used for environment mapping, although it can also be used to add a solid color environment. The hemi lamp is used for this type of lighting and it accepts latlong environment maps.

Environment lighting is usually done with HDR(high dynamic range) images but it is possible to use low dynamic range images (like JPG or PNG) as well, but in this case you may want to add some additional lighting to your scene to avoid getting a poorly contrast render. This is not necessary with HDR environment maps, which can be used as the only source of light to create a realistic lighting. Note that the hemi lamp's location in the scene does not matter, only its rotation.

The External Resources page has some links to sites that offer free and quality HDR's. Also a simple web search for "hdri maps" or "hdr maps" will give a lot of results. You can also create your own hdri maps with LuxCoreRender by using the panorama camera.

For more information on environment mapping, see the Environment map page



Sun and Sky

The sun and sky light creates a lighting setup that simulates the light of the sun and atmosphere, based on the direction of a sun light in the scene and a parameter named turbidity which defines the clearness of the sky. Both the sun angle and the sky clearness influence the color of the light.

Note that the sun lamp is very bright (as it is in real life) so you may have to turn the Gain way down if you have other lights in the scene. The other lights may look like they are not even emitting, but they are actually overpowered by the sun. It is possible to use this light with sun only, sky only, or the default sun+sky. If you want softer shadows try adjusting the relative sun size parameter.
Note that the sun lamp's location in the scene does not matter, only its rotation.

Point Lights

Point lights are infinitely small light sources that emit light in all directions. In most cases, it's recommended to use only mesh/area lights and environmental lighting for your scene, rather than point or spot lights. This is because the point and spot lights have no real world equivalent as the light source is an infinitely small point. As a result, they tend to produce unnaturally hard lighting and sharp shadows.


Spot Lights

Spot lights are infinitely small lights that emit light in a cone shape. Apart from color and location, the width of the cone can be set (as the number of degrees of the center line it will extend), and there is a setting to feather the intensity towards the edge.

As with the point lights, it's recommended to use only mesh/area lights and environmental lighting. This is because the point and spot lights have no real world equivalent as the light source is an infinitely small point.


Projector Both point lights and spot lights can distribute their light and color according to an image. With spot lights, this results in an effect like something being projected from a diapositive projector or beamer. With point lights, the image map is spherically mapped. <-- check if this works in luxcore

File:Projector.jpg
a room lit by a single projector


File:Lights-01.jpg
An example of point (left) spot (center) and area (right) light types



IES data

With the help of IES files you can get the light distribution pattern of a real light fixture. This will keep render times down as you don't need a reflector or glass material to replicate the pattern. The renders below were lit with the same area light, only with different IES files. Some links to IES files can be found on the external resources page. More information about IES files and how to create your own can be found here: Lighting_With_IES_Files



Back to LuxCoreRender User's Manual